The development of wind power occurred within a given regulatory context. This context has been changing over time, and it presents differential aspects according to Autonomous Communities and Spanish Government. Admission to specific procedures, authorization and environmental assessment Laws derive from decrees and plans for territorial and energy planning. Likewise, a series of responsibilities, obligations and rights of all the participating agents are also set.
On the other hand, companies, developers and their associations, as well as other professional fields generate various documents to evaluate the sector and propose wind-energy-related actions or programs. Likewise, social movements linked to environmentalism and rural agents execute periodical reports and diagnoses on renewable energies in general and wind energy in particular.
Finally, scientific journals collect documents of great interest that deal with specific key aspects contributing towards a better understanding of the reasons for the success or failure of the different models for renewable energy development. Some of them are directly related to wind energy.
Consequently, you may access and consult the main documents of the Galician, Spanish and European legislation regulating the key aspects of Wind power as well as relevant reports and publications that may provide a broader perspective on wind development. This section is a repository for open consultation; it is free of legal, technical, scientific and commercial information related to wind energy.
Law 8/2009 of 22 December regulates wind power utilization in Galicia and creates the wind royalty/fee and the Environmental Compensation Fund.
Norm: Law 8/2009 of 22 December regulates wind power utilization in Galicia and creates the wind power tax and the Environmental Compensation Fund.
Year of approval: 2009
Relevance in Galician wind energy: This Law currently regulates procedures concerning administrative authorization of wind farm facilities in the Galician territory. It establishes key elements for landowners such as issues concerning the declaration of public utility and expropriation procedures. The fully updated and consolidated version must be consulted given that it has recently experienced significant changes emerging from the Law of Promotion of Business Initiatives.
Precedents: Decree 205/1995, Decree 302/2001 and Decree 242/2007.
Sponsored by the Juana de Vega Foundation and Isla Couto Foundation the Galician Wind Observatory prepared the Guide for increasing the social and economic value of wind energy in rural communities to strengthen the actions of the owners of wind farms when companies outside the rural environment intend to build a wind farm. Based on the asymmetrical position of the parties, the Guide intends to summarize the most relevant aspects of these negotiable processes and make them available to all interested owners and agents. This document, therefore, attempts to didactically provide diverse information on the processes, opportunities and impacts of wind farms.
This guide includes a standard contract proposal for the lease of wind farms and also includes a proposal for a collaboration agreement model to be signed by local entities or associations of owners and the promoting companies. The guide also incorporates useful tax information for the treatment of income derived from wind farms.